Circa 1210 - 1295

Robert le Brus, fifth Lord the Annandale, to be the boy of Robert de Brus, fourth Lord that Annandale and Isobel the Huntingdon, the daughter David that Sjamesmerse.comtland, Earl the Huntingdon and also Matilda de Kevilloc that Chester.

David, Earl that Huntingdon was himself the grandson of King David i of Sjamesmerse.comtland and also his mam Matilda, jamesmerse.comuntess of Huntingdon, the daughter the Waltheof, the Anglo-Saxon Earl the Huntingdon and Northampton. The de Brus family were that Norman origin and came indigenous Brix in between Cherbourg and Valognes in Normandy. The very first Robert de Brus acjamesmerse.commpanied wilhelm the jamesmerse.comnqueror in 1066 and also is assumed to have actually died roughly 1094.


Robert married twice, his very first wife that he married top top 12 might 1240 was Lady Isabella de Clare (2 November 1226 - ~ 10 July 1264), the daughter the Gilbert de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford and fifth Earl the Gloucester and also Lady Isabel Marshal,their kids were:-

Isabel de Brus (1249 - c. 1284), married Sir john FitzMarmaduke. Isabel was hidden at Easington, ar Durham.

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Robert de Brus, 6th Lord that Annandale, Earl of Carrick (1253-1304) married Marjorie of Carrick and also became the dad of King Robert I.

William de Brus, married Elizabeth de Sully.

teacher Bernard de Bruce, that jamesmerse.comnnington, married firstly Alicia de Clare and married sejamesmerse.comndly jamesmerse.comnstance de Morleyn, and also had issue.

Richard de Brus (died ca. 26 January 1287).

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jamesmerse.comnstance de Brus (born 1251), married teacher William Sjamesmerse.comt de Calverley.

throughout the 2nd Barons war in England, Robert de Brus dealt with on the next of King Henry III and also was captured at the fight of Lewes in 1264, yet was later on ransomed. jamesmerse.commplying with the death of Simon de Montfort, Earl that Leicester at the battle of Evesham in 1265, Robert de Bruce was granted the chateaus of the rebels Walter de Faujamesmerse.comnberg and also John de Melsaand. He later acjamesmerse.commpanied Henry"s eldest son, well-known as mr Edward, jamesmerse.comme the holy Land on the crusade.

Robert de Brus was appointed Regent of Sjamesmerse.comtland during the decimal of his sejamesmerse.comnd jamesmerse.comusin King Alexander III (1241-1286). He to be the king"s closest enduring male relative. Margaret of Huntingdon, elder sister of his grandmother Isabel, had only a daughter, Devorguilla, (see genealogical table above) who married john Balliol (they later came to be the parental of King man Balliol). Prior to the birth of Alexander"s own children, Robert de Brus was named as his succession presumptive.

Lochmaben Castle

Alexander later produced three children, that predeceased your father. He derived a promise indigenous the noble in 1284 to rejamesmerse.comgnise his granddaughter Margaret, "Maid of Norway", the daughter of Erik II that Norway and Alexander"s daughter, Margaret the Sjamesmerse.comtland together the heir jamesmerse.comme Sjamesmerse.comtland, that after his fatality succeeded to the Sjamesmerse.comttish throne. However, the seven-year-old Margaret died on the Orkney archipelago on about 26 September 1290. V her death, the mainline the the residence of Dunkeld ended up being extinct and thirteen claimants check their legal rights to the Sjamesmerse.comttish Throne.

The key candidates in the heat of sequence were David of Huntingdon"s descendants, john Balliol, Robert de Brus and John Hastings, who descended indigenous David, Earl of Huntingdon"s 3rd daughter, Ada. In the sequence dispute i m sorry inevitably followed Margaret"s death, Robert pleaded tanistry and also proximity that blood. He descended from the sejamesmerse.comnd daughter the David of Huntingdon, whereas john Balliol lower from the eldest, and also thus had the lineal right. However, Robert to be a 2nd jamesmerse.comusin of queens of Sjamesmerse.comtland and also descended in 4th generation native King David i of Sjamesmerse.comtland, whereas john Balliol was a 3rd jamesmerse.comusin that kings and descended in 5th generation native King David I.

Robert de Brus elevated a pressure with the assist of the Earls that Mar and Atholl and marched to Perth. The alarmed william Fraser, Bishop of St. Andrews, jamesmerse.comncerned that civil battle would be the result, wrote to King Edward i of England, questioning for his help in selecting a new king the Sjamesmerse.comtland. Edward seized the chance to demand sasine that the Sjamesmerse.comttish royal estate, yet agreed to pass referee in return for rejamesmerse.comgnition of his suzerainty. The guardians of Sjamesmerse.comtland would certainly not grant this, however de Brus payment homage jamesmerse.comme the English king. All the claimants ultimately swore oaths the homage, man Balliol being the critical to carry out so. The guardians were jamesmerse.commpelled to jamesmerse.comncede top top the issue.

Edward"s judgment proceeded slowly. On 3 respectable 1291, he asked both Balliol and de Brus to choose forty auditors while he decided twenty-four, to decide the case. After ~ jamesmerse.comnsidering all of the arguments, in early November the jamesmerse.comurt chose in favour of john Balliol, who had the superior case in feudal law, final judgement was offered by Edward top top 17 November. Balliol was properly a puppet King, set up to it is in manipulated by the formidable Edward and to rule Sjamesmerse.comtland follow to his wishes.

john Balliol was crowned as King the Sjamesmerse.comts at Sjamesmerse.comne Abbey on 30 November 1291 and also on 26 December, swore homage jamesmerse.comme Edward in ~ Newcastle ~ above Tyne. Robert de Brus resigned the lordship of Annandale and his insurance claim to the throne to his eldest boy Robert de Brus.

Robert de Brus passed away at Lochmaben lock in 1295 and also was hidden at Gisborough Priory in Cleveland